Early Years Foundations Stage

The Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) framework provides the statutory standards for promoting the learning, development and safety of children from birth to five years in Ofsted registered settings. The EYFS lays down the legal requirements that early years childcare providers must meet and provide.   

Patcham Village Pre-school is carefully and thoughtfully organised daily to ensure all seven areas of learning are matched to the experiences and activities we offer our children, always closely matching what we plan to a child’s interest.

The Prime Areas

These are fundamental throughout the EYFS and begin to develop quickly in response to relationships and experiences and run through and support learning in all other areas.

Personal, Social and Emotional Development

Personal, social and emotional development involves helping children to
develop a positive sense of themselves, and others; to form positive
relationships and develop respect for others; to develop social skills and learn
how to manage their feelings; to understand appropriate behaviour in groups;
and to have confidence in their own abilities.

Communication and Language Development

Communication and language development involves giving children
opportunities to experience a rich language environment; to develop their
confidence and skills in expressing themselves; and to communicate and listen in a
range of situations

Physical Development

Physical development involves providing opportunities for young children to
be active and interactive; and to develop their co-ordination, control and

Children are also helped to understand the importance of physical activity, and to make healthy choices in relation to food

The Specific Areas

These includes essential skills and knowledge.  They grow out of the prime areas, and provide important contexts for learning.

Mathematical Development

Mathematics involves providing children with opportunities to develop and
improve their skills in counting, understanding and using numbers, calculating
simple addition and subtraction problems; and to describe shapes, spaces,
and measure

  • graphics
  • EA drawing


Literacy involves encouraging children to link sounds and letters and to begin to read and write.

Children are given access to a wide range of reading materials (books, poems, and other written materials) to ignite their interest

"I like playing with my friends at Pre-school.  I like playing on the slide and drawing pictures".

Child's voice

Expressive Arts and Design

Expressive arts and design involves enabling children to explore and play
with a wide range of media and materials, as well as providing opportunities
and encouragement for sharing their thoughts, ideas and feelings through a
variety of activities in art, music, movement, dance, role-play and design and

Understanding the world

Understanding the world involves guiding children to make sense of their
physical world and their community through opportunities to explore, observe
and find out about people, places, technology and the environment

Our ongoing formative assessments of children provides us with the knowledge and understanding of every child in our care and their developmental pathways, enabling us to summarise learning and share half termly summative assessments with parents and carers; Each summative assessment providing the building blocks for future learning.  As we review and reflect on each child’s development we create timely, relevant and evolving next steps for each individual child.

Read more about The Early Years Foundation Stage  https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/early-years-foundation-stage-framework--2

Education in a natural process carried out by the child and is not acquired by listening to words but by experiences in the environment.

Dr. Maria Montessori